Thursday, September 21, 2017

Challenging Africa’s Established Order

 https://i.pinimg.com/736x/2c/ed/94/2ced9488f5ce25bf8c34e9fb80c70d4f--african-empires-african-history.jpg

The Arab empire’s extent in ancient times was outlined by Berber wanderer Ibn Batuta who spent forty years touring countries from western China to modern-day Mali without once leaving Arab hegemony. It is recorded that in the fourteenth century, Timbuktu’s greatest ruler, Mansa Musa, arrived in Cairo with a magnificent caravan of soldiers, courtiers, wives, concubines and 12,000 slaves. A baggage train of 300 camels carried three hundred pounds of gold. By the time of the first European visits to Africa, the slave trade of native tribes and Arab had been long-established.
Bernhard Thuersam, www.Circa1865.com   The Great American Political Divide

Challenging Africa’s Established Order

“Beyond its attraction as a center of great wealth, no city was more worthy of discovery for geographical and scientific reasons. Arabic texts documented that merchants from Tripoli to Morocco had gathered at Timbuktu since the late thirteenth or early fourteenth centuries, when it was incorporated into the great Malian Empire, to buy gold and slaves in exchange for prized European manufactured goods, cloth, horses, and the mined salt of the desert.

[Evidence in Moroccan archives indicate] that trade had been conducted across the [Sahara] region since early times . . . [and] it seems likely that gold, animal skins, ivory, gemstones, perfumes and black slaves from the Sudan states were exchanged for the manufactures and trinkets of the Phoenician, Roman and Byzantine worlds.

Having taken their empire, the Arabs sealed it off. Foreigners who dared set foot in any part of it were confronted with a harrowing choice: either take a vow of abiding allegiance to Islam, forsaking all others loyalties, or face decapitation.

[In the Arab empire . . .] Gold and slaves were paramount. The importance of the slave trade is illustrated by estimates suggesting that from the seventh to the end of the nineteenth centuries, between 9 and 13 million slaves were transported north across the Sahara. This is comparable to the numbers shipped seaward during the four centuries of the Atlantic slave trade, though the Saharan traffic has received less public discussion.

Timbuktu grew to become an opulent city boasting real infrastructure – markets, mosques, and important Islamic libraries and schools. The wealth to fund this cultural and intellectual development was generated from the gold mines of West Africa, worked by black slaves for their black and Arab masters, and the merchants who carried their goods on camels, oxen and asses, and men’s heads, and in the canoes of tropical Africa’s rivers and lakes.

Though Africa was a cipher to white men, caravan routes and rivers were familiar to those black Africans along the western coastline who traded in their own kingdoms, and to the Arabs who had ventured deep into the interior centuries before Europeans arrived. These men were willing risk their lives . . . and thought nothing of inflicting untold suffering to secure the three commodities Africa offered in abundance: slaves, ivory, and gold.

To these Africans and Arabs, European travelers were “the devil’s children” and “enemies of the Prophet,” meddlesome interlopers who, with their idle talk of abolishing the slave trade and supplanting Arab caravans with British shipping, challenged the established order.”

(The Race for Timbuktu: In Search of Africa’s City of Gold; Frank T. Kryza, HarperCollins, 2006, excerpts, pp. xii-xxi)

Lesbian Couple Who Abused Son So Badly He’s Had Two Strokes Gets 20 Years in Jail

 

A lesbian couple arrested and convicted of beating and torturing their five-year-old boy so badly that he had two strokes from years of beatings has been sentenced to 20 years in jail.

Police in Muskogee, OK, arrested the boy’s mother, Rachel Stevens, 28, and his “stepmother,” Kayla Jones, 25, last year for what doctors said appeared to be months of vicious child abuse.

Police became involved after the child was transferred from a Muskogee, Oklahoma, clinic to St. John Medical Center in Tulsa because of lesions on his face and after a series of seizures. But when he got to Tulsa, doctors became suspicious over his injuries and determined that he was abused and not just suffering some sort of ailment as claimed by the lesbian couple.

The women even had the gall to create a GoFundMe page to raise money to help them pay for the child’s medical care.

More @ Breitbart

GOP senator questions whether FBI warned Trump about Russia during campaign

Via Billy

 GOP senator questions whether FBI warned Trump about Russia during campaign


The chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee on Thursday demanded the FBI disclose whether it ever briefed or warned President Trump during the 2016 presidential election about alleged attempts by the Russian government to infiltrate his campaign.

In a letter to FBI Director Chris Wray, Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) cites recent reports that the bureau was wiretapping Trump's campaign chairman Paul Manafort in the summer of 2016 over concerns about ties to Russian figures.

It also noted past reports in The Washington Post and Circa that Sen. John McCain's (R-Ariz.) 2008 presidential campaign got a warning from intelligence officials about possible foreign ties to Manafort and McCain's campaign manager Rick Davis when they were associated with the senator.

Grassley asked whether the bureau ever delivered a similar "defensive" briefing to Trump last year.
"If the FBI did provide a defensive briefing or similar warning to the [Trump] campaign, then that would raise important questions about how the Trump campaign responded," Grassley wrote.

"On the other hand, if the FBI did not alert the campaign, then that would raise serious questions about what factors contributed to its decision and why it appears to have been handled differently in a very similar circumstance involving a previous campaign."

Judge Louie Gohmert Backing Judge Roy Moore In Alabama: ‘He Absolutely Cannot’ Be Bought, Sold Like Luther Strange

 Planned Parenthood

Rep. Louie Gohmert (R-TX), a top conservative and former judge before he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, is in the house here in Montgomery’s RSA Activity Center for the debate between conservative Judge Roy Moore and establishment-backed Luther Strange for the GOP primary runoff for the U.S. Senate on Thursday evening.

The runoff is on Tuesday, Sept. 26, but Gohmert is here for the only televised debate between Moore and Strange—and Gohmert is supporting Moore.

“No he cannot [be bought or sold],” Gohmert said of Moore in an exclusive interview with Breitbart News before the debate began. “He absolutely cannot.”

More @ Breitbart

Terrorism, Chivalry, and “The Great Compromise”

 

It is unsurprising that one of the antifa groups that have been making the news lately identifies itself with John Brown, the revolutionary abolitionist who was hanged shortly after leading an attack upon Harper’s Ferry in 1859.  Brown’s career embodies the progressive fixation with being on the ostensibly “right” side of history, and as the attempted massacre of Republican senators by an unhinged Bernie Sanders activist suggests, Brown’s spirit is alive and well in 2017 America.  Antifas and James Hodgkinson’s failed rampage are not the only signs of said spirit’s continuing presence, however.  The ongoing purge from the South of Confederate symbols also reflects the triumph of Brown’s totalitarian utopianism over novelist-historian Shelby Foote’s “Great Compromise.”

Edgar Harrell, USS Indianapolis Survivor ("The Revision of History Today" @12:34)


NC Senate leader wants Gov. Cooper to withdraw request to move Confederate monuments

 This June 23, 2015 file photo shows the statue To The North Carolina Women of the Confederacy on the NC State Capitol grounds.

Senate leader Phil Berger said Gov. Roy Cooper’s attempt to move three Confederate monuments from the Capitol grounds would not stand up in court if he succeeds.

In a letter to Cooper his office released Thursday, Berger, a Republican, said the commission does not have the authority to approve the petition. The commission would lose if the residents challenged the move in court, he wrote.

The N.C. Historical Commission is set to consider the Cooper administration’s request Friday morning to move three monuments from Raleigh to Bentonville Battlefield in Johnston County, the site of the state’s largest Civil War battle.

1939 - Rare Footage of Munich and Berlin


4 Ways Carl Schurz, a 19th Century Missouri Socialist, Impacts America TODAY

Via Billy

Abraham Lincoln, Marxism, Socialism, Communism, Carl Schurz, Lincoln's Marxists, Missouri, History

A friend recently shared with me a short audio CD entitled “Lincoln’s Marxists” – which consisted of a lecture given by Al Benson Jr. (editor and publisher of the Copperhead Chronicle, and author of the book “Lincoln’s Marxists“). The lecture basically consisted of how Karl Marx, author of the Communist Manifesto, praised Lincoln in 1865 as a “single-minded son of the working class” (Also see our resource: A perspective on the American “Civil War”). The lecture examines why Marx and other socialists supported Lincoln’s War and notes their negative influence on modern society today.

As part of this, Benson talks about the Forty-Eighters, a group of radical socialists who sought positions of prominence in American society and government, and supported Abraham Lincoln and his administration in a variety of ways. One of these Forty-Eighters was none other than Missouri’s own Carl Schurz.

More @ Camden Point

USS INDIANAPOLIS LIVE - FROM THE DEEP

Via Iver